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In the modern world, the human brain creates different gadgets that are widely used among mankind.Today's life is impossible to imagine without technology and technology.For example, people use a phone, TV, computer, vacuum cleaner and etc. People used to everything convenient and now it is impossible to imagine our lives without robotics.A robot is an automatic device designed to perform various kinds of mechanical operations, which operates according to a pre-programmed code.The robot usually receives information about the state of the surrounding space through sensors.The robot can independently carry out production and other operations, partially or completely replacing human labor. In this case, the cleaning robots robot can both have a connection with the operator, receiving commands from him manual control, and act autonomously, in accordance with the laid program automatic control.The purpose of robots can be very diverse, from entertainment and applied to purely industrial. The appearance of robots is diverse in form and content, can be anything, although often in the designs of nodes borrow elements of anatomy of various living beings, suitable for the task.
The word "robot "was coined by Czech writer Karel Chapek and his brother Joseph and was first used in Capek's play R. U. R. Rossum's universal robots, 1920. Here's how Karel Chapek himself describes it: "one day the author came up with the plot of the play. And while the iron was hot, he ran with a new idea to his brother Joseph, the artist, who was standing at the easel at the time. The author stated the plot as briefly as he could "But I do not know," said the author, as I call these artificial workers. I would call them laborges apparently from the English word labor, but it seems to me that it is too bookish.So call them robots," the artist muttered, continuing to ground the canvas. " in early Russian translations, the word "worker"was used.
Today there is a huge kind of robots around us.For example;
An Android robot- is a humanoid or synthetic organism designed to look and act like a human. Usually-a robot that is more similar to a person is equipped with organs of organic origin, or others that are not inferior in functionality and appearance.
Biorobot-a person or an animal who has an implant (processor) instead of a brain, the rest of the body is organic.
Depending on the functional purpose, there are the following types of robots.
Household robot-a robot designed to help a person in everyday life. Now the spread of household robots is small, but futurologists assume their widespread in the foreseeable future. In 2007, Bill Gates published the article "a Robot in every home" about the significant potential of robots (including domestic or household robots) for society.
Robot vacuum cleaner- a cleaning robots equipped with artificial intelligence (ordinary, not thinking machine) and designed for automatic cleaning of premises. Belongs to the class of household robots and intelligent household appliances for smart home.
Since the early 2000s, many companies have been producing "robotic vacuum cleaners", such as Electrolux Trilobite, Roomba, Robomaxx, Samsung Navibot, FloorBot, etc.
It really helps people with housework. People use it when they really do not have time to tidy up the house every day. Cleaning robots are also adapt in offices. Nowadays every person try to use it and to buy such gadgets.
Today's technicians and engineers have invented many different robots for mankind that helps people to promote their lifestyle.The robot can independently carry out production and other operations, partially or completely replacing human labor. One of these robot is cleaning robots. The modern device is most often a disc with a diameter of 28-35 cm and a height of 9-13 cm. in front of the robot is usually fender - a large contact sensor, with which the robot determines the impact with obstacles.Inside the fender are usually non-contact sensors for detecting obstacles consisting of an infrared source and a meter of the reflected signal. According to work, the cleaner robot uses internal batteries and needs regular recharging from a special module also often on the robot there is a socket for manual charging-but this feature is usually not used. Most models are able to independently find the base and connect to it at the end of cleaning. Charging takes about 2-5 hours (depending on the type and the power of the batteries). During cleaning, the robot moves independently on a given surface, removing debris from it. Having met an obstacle on the way, the robot decides on the way to overcome it on the basis of special operation.Robot vacuum cleaners tend to have a small height, low enough to pass under a bed or other furniture. If the cleaning robot realizes that it is stuck, it will stop moving, and will begin to sound signals to help the owner to detect it. Often the cause of jamming are wires or things scattered on the floor, which are wound on the robot brushes and block them.
Depending on the model, the equipment may also include a "Virtual wall" (or magnetic tape), which allows you to protect the cleaned area.Most robot vacuum cleaners use a accidently route, choosing alternately one of the commands moving in a straight line, moving in a zigzag, moving in a spiral, moving along the walls, turning at an arbitrary angle. This algorithm does not guarantee that at the end of cleaning all rooms will be cleaned, and does not guarantee that within one room there will be no untidy areas. However, with daily long-term cleaning, the probability of remaining untidy areas tends to zero. More expensive models of robots build a "map of the room" in memory, and plan the optimal route on this map — this allows you to significantly reduce the duration of cleaning robots.
At the end of one or more cleaning, the owner must release the dust collector of the robot vacuum cleaner (in some models, the dust collector of a large volume is in the "Base", and the robot independently dumps garbage into it). The frequency of cleaning the dust collector depends on its volume, cleanliness and surface area to be cleaned. In addition to cleaning the dust collector, periodically cleaning the brushes from the hair and wool wound on them (for this reason, owners of strongly shedding pets are recommended to use vacuum cleaners without turboshaft, or with special brushes for collecting wool).
There are many kinds of robots around the world. Some of them are for entertainment some for cleaning.The most popular among them is called cleaning robot. The first and second generation of the model needed to specify manually the size of the room by area, for this purpose three buttons on the body were used(small, medium, and large), but this was no longer necessary with the release of the third generation of the device. One of these vacuum cleaners is Roomba is a robotic vacuum cleaner developed and marketed by iRobot. It is a robotic device for cleaning the apartment. Roomba was first introduced in 2002. As of January 2008, more than 2.5 million of these vacuum cleaners have been sold; as of January 2010, 5 million; as of February 2017, 15 million.For operation, the Roomba uses internal batteries and needs regular recharging from the wall module. The new third-generation models have the ability to search for a charger by communicating with it through an infrared sensor. Charging from the mains takes about three hours. Charging devices of the first and second generation lasted 12 hours, but the new charger can be used with older models. The third generation device is controlled by the owner by pressing the "turn On" button, placing the device where he would like to clean. Then you need to select the mode of operation of the device by pressing the button "cleaning", "Spot cleaning" or "Full cleaning" (if available). Third-generation devices allow you to perform cleaning automatically, using the task scheduler. This can be useful for those people who want to schedule cleaning for the time they are at work. When the "clean", "Spot clean" or "Full clean" button is pressed, the Roomba emits a melodious beep and then gets to work. The sensor on the bumper allows you to register impacts on walls and furniture, "virtual wall" and limit with the help of an infrared sensor those areas where cleaning should be done. A special program "Virtual wall" can be programmed in advance, in order to turn on at the time of automatic activation of the device according to the task scheduler. Four infrared sensors at the bottom of the device prevent it from falling down the stairs. Models of the third generation are able to detect accumulations of dirt, and pay more attention to such places.At the end of cleaning, the Roomba emits a melodic signal. If the charger is not detected, Roomba will search for it. The owner must empty his dust bag into the trash. With the exception of the first generation Roomba, the infrared remote allows you to configure the device remotely, which can be useful for people with disabilities. The remote control cannot be used on the "virtual wall" line or at the charging modules of the device because of the interference they cause. Roomba has a small height. It is low enough to pass under a bed or other furniture. If it realizes that it is stuck, it will stop moving, and will begin to sound signals to help the owner to detect it.